Ireland’s official Famine Heritage Trail is an adventurous 165 km cross country pilgrim walk layered with history, art and culture. It weaves through country lanes, villages, towns and Dublin city mostly along the banks of the Royal Canal. It can be done in sections or all at once – as you choose. Follow the story of Strokestown’s Famine Emigrants whose journey is marked by bronze shoe sculptures along the route. The trail is topped and tailed by iconic museums – “The National Famine Museum” at Strokestown Park in Co Roscommon and “The Jeanie Johnston Famine Ship” and “ EPIC The Irish Emigration Museum” at the Dublin end.
Download our App now to hear little twelve year old Daniel Tighe tell his story from Black ‘47 and also learn all the interesting local history around you in this area. Better still why not become an Official Walker with our Passport Guide, Ship Ticket and Certificate of completion. Learn more at www.nationalfamineway.ie
THE STORY OF THE SHOES
The children’s bound shoes that are cast in bronze along the National Famine Way were discovered by a local farmer, in the roof of a ruined nineteenth-century cottage. He donated them to the National Famine Museum at Strokestown Park. We know nothing of the child they belonged to, but local folklore holds, that such offerings were made to invoke good luck. These evocative shoes symbolise the hopeful journey that our 1,490 emigrants embarked on, especially taking in the fact that two thirds of them were children. The binding evokes the difficulties they encountered and the eternal bind, to the place they were leaving.
TIGHE / TYE FAMILY STORY
At the height of the Great Famine in 1847, Mary Tighe was left a widow with five children to feed. In a desperate attempt to save her family, she availed of the ‘Assisted Emigration Scheme’ offered by Major Denis Mahon in Strokestown. She succeeded in her mission to save her family, but paid a high price. Mary Tighe, her brother, and three of her children, lost their lives on board the Ship Naomi that sailed from Liverpool to Quebec.
Daniel, aged twelve and his nine-year-old sister, Catherine were the only family members who survived the transatlantic voyage on the Naomi. Daniel himself recounted the horror of watching the bodies of his mother and brothers being thrown overboard and buried at sea.
Taken into the care of the Coulomb family in Lotbinière, Quebec, these two small children found themselves on a 168 acre farm, a world away from a half acre in Lisonuffy and a world away from everything they had ever known or loved.
In 2013, the Strokestown Community invited Daniel’s great grandson, Richard Tye (changed from Tighe), back home. And so, 166 years after little Daniel left, his descendants again set foot on Irish soil, a community celebrated, long-separated cousins embraced, and the family was again bound together.
The National Famine Way intertwines History through the Arts: not only in sculpture but also in literature and music. Daniel’s Tighe’s story reimagines each of the spaces and locations he passed through in May 1847. It is a digital storybook written by renowned and beloved Irish author Marita Conlon-McKenna.
The Anthem for the National Famine Way is by well known folk singer Declan O Rourke a beautiful song Go Domhanin i do chumhnie from his Album Chronicles of the Great Irish Famine.
Cuir tús le do shiúilóid ag an Bhalla Cuimhneacháin Ghloine ag Musaem an Ghorta Mhóir i bPáirc Bhéal na mBuillí i Ros Comáin agus siúil go Cluain Dá Rath agus as sin cois canála go Baile Átha Cliath, turas 165 cilimeadar. Tá ceann scríbe d’aistir ag dealbha an Ghorta Mhóir taobh leis an Jeannie Johnston, ar ancaire ag Cé Theach an Chustaim, san áit dheireanach ar leag an 1,490 duine as Ros Comáin cos ar thalamh na hÉireann i mí na Bealtaine 1847.
Thug a dtiarna talaimh an Maor Denis Mahon rogha an dá dhíogha dóibh, ‘imirce chuidithe’, ocras sa bhaile lena ngort de phrátaí lofa nó dul isteach i dteach scanrúil na mbocht.
Réamhrá don Chosán
Faoi shúil ghéar bháile an eastáit, John Robinson, cuireadh na fir, mná agus páistí seo ag siúil cois na Canála Ríoga go duganna Bhaile Átha Cliath áit a raibh galtáin ag fanacht chun iad a bhreith go Learpholl. As sin chuaigh siad ar bord loinge, ‘longa galaracha an bháis’, ina measc an Virginius agus an Naomi a d’iompair iad ar thuras scafár go Quebec i gCeanada. Fuair beagnach leath na n-imirceach ar bord an dá long seo bás ar an turas, ach d’éirigh rud beag níos fearr leo sin ar an Erin’s Queen agus ar an John Munn.
Aimsíodh ainmneacha an ‘1,490 Caillte’ i gCartlann an Ghorta Mhóir i bPáirc Theach Bhéal na mBuillí. Tá a gcuid ainmneacha agus a mbailte fearainn greanta ar an Bhalla Cuimhneacáin Ghloine ag Páirc Bhéal na mBuillí – teistiméireacht dá scéal.
SHOE STORIES - Daniel’s Story – Black ‘47
Shoe Stories by Marita Conlon-McKenna:
My name is Daniel Tighe. I am 12 years old. In May 1847, the worst year of the Great Irish Famine, I walked this path from Strokestown to Dublin heading for a ship and in hope of a new life in North America. Follow in the footsteps of my story which is marked by over 30 pairs of Bronze Shoes along the National Famine Way – now a 165 km accredited trail.
We meet more people on the path travelling like us to Leixlip and Louisa Bridge, where there is a Holy Well and Spa.
I never saw the like of it for there is an aqueduct and waterfall and a well where the warm water comes from the ground and people go down to bathe and splash the water on them to cure their ailments. Hawkers sell bottles of water, rags and trinkets.
We waste no money on those.
Mr Robinson ordered us not to stop at the spa, but mother took Bernard Og down to the water with her, for she fears that my brother is sick.
There is a rumour since we left Strokestown that one of the familes is carrying the Fever – everyone is scared of the disease that has carried off so many back home. Sure it’s a big part of what we are fleeing from.
Soon there are women and children and old Luke Murray and Nancy Campbell’s mother Biddy and poor William Dalton who is lame, people making their way there to bathe and there was nothing the bailiff and his men could do about it, though they threaten to send William Dalton and his four children and all those that that cannot walk any further to the workhouse in Celbridge.
History: Holy Wells, Disease, and Leixlip Famine Folklore from the National Famine Folklore's Schools Commission
Leixlip has two access points: here from Louisa Bridge and the second at the next bridge by Confey, two kilometers further along. The second is the one we recommend to visit Leixlip. It is 300 m to Confey Shops, 1.1km to Leixlip town.
Leixlip is a lovely town on the River Liffey, home to Leixlip Castle. Leixlip Castle is built on a rock at the confluence of the Rivers Liffey and Rye. It was owned by the late Hon. Desmond Guinness, founder of the Irish Georgian Society. Features of interest to be found in the grounds of the castle include the Gothic greenhouse, the temple seat, the gazebo and the gate lodge.
In the 1800s, Leixlip was a prosperous town with an iron works, flour mill and woollen mill.
The windows in the Church of Our Lady’s Nativity were designed by the renowned stained glass artist Harry Clarke in 1925. The statue of Joan of Arc was a gift from the French Ambassador to Ireland.
Nearby Castletown House, Celbridge, County Kildare, is a Palladian country house built in 1722 for William Conolly, the Speaker of the Irish House of Commons. The House and Parkland are opened to the public and run by the Office of Public Works. It is well worth a visit.
The Wonderful Barn
This fascinating barn structure was built in 1743 on the Leixlip side of the Castletown Estate.
Several purposes are suggested for this unique structure:
- One theory is based on the custom in Georgian times of using doves as a delicacy when other game or animals were not in season, and suggest its use as a dovecote.
- The height of the structure would also lend itself to sport shooting, supporting another theory of its use as a shooting or gamekeepers tower.
- The tower is seen from the east windows of Castletown House, so it filled that vista, possibly as a folly.
- However, a central hole through each of the floors supports the generally accepted theory of its use as a granary.
The barn was built in the years immediately following the famine of 1740-41, as there was a need for new grain stores in case of another famine. The construction project also likely served as a way to keep the local poor employed. In this, it is not unlike the Connolly Folly (an Obelisk), which was built on the estate in 1740-41.
LOUISA BRIDGE AND LEIXLIP SPA
Louisa Bridge, where the Bronze Shoes are located, is the only bridge on the canal named after a woman. The lady in question was Louisa Connolly, wife of Thomas Connolly of nearby Castletown House, who was also a Royal Canal Director. Other directors who had bridges named after them, on this section, were Robert Deey, William Pike, Joseph Mullen and James Bond.
Leixlip Spa is alongside the Shoes at this location. It is well worth a short diversion. The spa was unearthed by workmen digging the canal in 1793. Newspapers of the time gave graphic descriptions of how the event happened: ‘hot water immediately issued in a narrow perpendicular stream from the bottom of the bed, to the astonishment and alarm of a labourer with whose naked leg it came into contact.’
Although reputedly there was a Holy Well on this site prior to this discovery.
The Royal Canal Company re-routed the warm spring to the side of the aqueduct, into a shallow hexagonal shaped pond, and from here it flowed down the side of the valley to a brick basin. This was used as a bath when the spa was a popular visiting place, particularly by the poor of Dubin, on Sunday afternoons in the late eighteenth century. Both are still clearly visible.
It is recorded that on a Sunday between 6 am and 5 pm in August 1794 that 55 coaches, 29 post chaises, 25 noddies, 82 jaunting cars, 20 jigs, 6 open landaus, 21 common cars and 450 horsemen and a sizeable number of pedestrians visited the spa. A large crowd by anyone’s standards.
Its popularity was such that the Rt Hon Thomas Connolly, on whose land the spa was discovered, intended to build a pumphouse and a hotel, but he died before the work could commence.
The area around the spa is considered an important amenity area because of its ecological, historical and archaeological interest. The plant life is varied and beautiful.
A little further along the canal is a small staging house with a path down to the waterfall, again a short and pleasant diversion.
(The Schools’ Collection, Volume 0773, Page 242)
“Famine Times” In the Autumn of 1846 and again in 47 a blight came on the entire potato crop of Ireland thus causing the dreadful famine. The year is spoken of to day as “Black 47”.
The potatoes rotted in the pits. What misery must it have been, for in those days the people lived solely on potatoes. Here and there at Government depots people were provided with a very small amount of maize or Indian meal.
The Government made a relief plan to provide work for the destitute. They built bridges and other monuments. In this locality a short distance from Maynooth can be seen a mighty tower it is known as the Obelisk. It was built during that disastrous period.
This was told to me by my father. Thomas Cox. Station Road Leixlip 17th October 1938.
Also see Cathal Póirtéir at Leixlip Spa on Holy Wells and illness in Famine Ireland:
Please check ahead for opening hours as some are restricted / seasonal.
The Wonderful Barn
Leixlip Heritage Trail
ARTS & LITERATURE CONNECT:
Stained Glass – Harry Clarke Windows – Church of Our Lady’s Nativity – Leixlip