Ireland’s official Famine Heritage Trail is an adventurous 165 km cross country pilgrim walk layered with history, art and culture. It weaves through country lanes, villages, towns and Dublin city mostly along the banks of the Royal Canal. It can be done in sections or all at once – as you choose. Follow the story of Strokestown’s Famine Emigrants whose journey is marked by bronze shoe sculptures along the route. The trail is topped and tailed by iconic museums – “The National Famine Museum” at Strokestown Park in Co Roscommon and “The Jeanie Johnston Famine Ship” and “ EPIC The Irish Emigration Museum” at the Dublin end.
Download our App now to hear little twelve year old Daniel Tighe tell his story from Black ‘47 and also learn all the interesting local history around you in this area. Better still why not become an Official Walker with our Passport Guide, Ship Ticket and Certificate of completion. Learn more at www.nationalfamineway.ie
THE STORY OF THE SHOES
The children’s bound shoes that are cast in bronze along the National Famine Way were discovered by a local farmer, in the roof of a ruined nineteenth-century cottage. He donated them to the National Famine Museum at Strokestown Park. We know nothing of the child they belonged to, but local folklore holds, that such offerings were made to invoke good luck. These evocative shoes symbolise the hopeful journey that our 1,490 emigrants embarked on, especially taking in the fact that two thirds of them were children. The binding evokes the difficulties they encountered and the eternal bind, to the place they were leaving.
TIGHE / TYE FAMILY STORY
At the height of the Great Famine in 1847, Mary Tighe was left a widow with five children to feed. In a desperate attempt to save her family, she availed of the ‘Assisted Emigration Scheme’ offered by Major Denis Mahon in Strokestown. She succeeded in her mission to save her family, but paid a high price. Mary Tighe, her brother, and three of her children, lost their lives on board the Ship Naomi that sailed from Liverpool to Quebec.
Daniel, aged twelve and his nine-year-old sister, Catherine were the only family members who survived the transatlantic voyage on the Naomi. Daniel himself recounted the horror of watching the bodies of his mother and brothers being thrown overboard and buried at sea.
Taken into the care of the Coulomb family in Lotbinière, Quebec, these two small children found themselves on a 168 acre farm, a world away from a half acre in Lisonuffy and a world away from everything they had ever known or loved.
In 2013, the Strokestown Community invited Daniel’s great grandson, Richard Tye (changed from Tighe), back home. And so, 166 years after little Daniel left, his descendants again set foot on Irish soil, a community celebrated, long-separated cousins embraced, and the family was again bound together.
The National Famine Way intertwines History through the Arts: not only in sculpture but also in literature and music. Daniel’s Tighe’s story reimagines each of the spaces and locations he passed through in May 1847. It is a digital storybook written by renowned and beloved Irish author Marita Conlon-McKenna.
The Anthem for the National Famine Way is by well known folk singer Declan O Rourke a beautiful song Go Domhanin i do chumhnie from his Album Chronicles of the Great Irish Famine.
Cuir tús le do shiúilóid ag an Bhalla Cuimhneacháin Ghloine ag Musaem an Ghorta Mhóir i bPáirc Bhéal na mBuillí i Ros Comáin agus siúil go Cluain Dá Rath agus as sin cois canála go Baile Átha Cliath, turas 165 cilimeadar. Tá ceann scríbe d’aistir ag dealbha an Ghorta Mhóir taobh leis an Jeannie Johnston, ar ancaire ag Cé Theach an Chustaim, san áit dheireanach ar leag an 1,490 duine as Ros Comáin cos ar thalamh na hÉireann i mí na Bealtaine 1847.
Thug a dtiarna talaimh an Maor Denis Mahon rogha an dá dhíogha dóibh, ‘imirce chuidithe’, ocras sa bhaile lena ngort de phrátaí lofa nó dul isteach i dteach scanrúil na mbocht.
Réamhrá don Chosán
Faoi shúil ghéar bháile an eastáit, John Robinson, cuireadh na fir, mná agus páistí seo ag siúil cois na Canála Ríoga go duganna Bhaile Átha Cliath áit a raibh galtáin ag fanacht chun iad a bhreith go Learpholl. As sin chuaigh siad ar bord loinge, ‘longa galaracha an bháis’, ina measc an Virginius agus an Naomi a d’iompair iad ar thuras scafár go Quebec i gCeanada. Fuair beagnach leath na n-imirceach ar bord an dá long seo bás ar an turas, ach d’éirigh rud beag níos fearr leo sin ar an Erin’s Queen agus ar an John Munn.
Aimsíodh ainmneacha an ‘1,490 Caillte’ i gCartlann an Ghorta Mhóir i bPáirc Theach Bhéal na mBuillí. Tá a gcuid ainmneacha agus a mbailte fearainn greanta ar an Bhalla Cuimhneacáin Ghloine ag Páirc Bhéal na mBuillí – teistiméireacht dá scéal.
SHOE STORIES - Daniel’s Story – Black ‘47
Shoes Stories by Marita Conlon-McKenna:
My name is Daniel Tighe. I am 12 years old. In May 1847, the worst year of the Great Irish Famine, I walked this path from Strokestown to Dublin heading for a ship and in hope of a new life in North America. Follow in the footsteps of my story which is marked by over 30 pairs of Bronze Shoes along the National Famine Way – now a 165 km accredited trail.
We settled down close to a big Workhouse and a graveyard overlooking the waters of the canal. It was terrible to see a large crowd of starving and sick people queuing, some sitting on the ground waiting to be admitted.
‘Mam, what is that place Mam?,’ asked Catherine, curious staring over at a poor sick woman and two little scrawny girls.
‘It’s the Mullingar workhouse for the hungry and the sick, where those in desperate need can get food and shelter and a bed,’ she explains.
‘I’d like to sleep in a bed,’ wished Catherine.
‘Not in the workhouse, you wouldn’t, for they are full of sickness and diseases,’ Mam explained, stroking her dark hair. ‘Besides, you would be taken from me and put in a big ward with the other girls. Families, mothers and fathers, and sisters and brothers are all separated in the union workhouse and life there is fierce hard.’
‘I’ll not go to there,’ said little Bernard, sticking out his chin. ‘Mam, I want to stay with you and Catherine.’
‘They put you to work for your keep there, some young boys making those coffins I told you of’,’ Uncle William whispered in my ear.
I was so glad that Mam had made the brave decision for us to take passage to a new life far from ‘the hunger’.
History: Lough Owel Feeder – Workhouse and graveyard
Mullingar Workhouse & Famine Graveyard Loop
Caution: If you are starting the loop at the Spur Shoes here – you are doing it in reverse, so you will visit the Famine Graveyard first and then the Workhouse. Please refer to the Mullingar Workhouse & Famine Graveyard Loop Map. Note: a small section of this loop is on a busy road, so do take care.
An essential 3 km detour takes you by the remains of a large-scale former union workhouse complex, one of the best surviving examples of its type in Ireland. This workhouse built c. 1841 is largely intact, complete with its foreboding original entrance door (http://www.workhouses.org.uk/Mullingar/).
It was built on the site of a quarry, in order that the unfortunate ‘inmates’ could work long days breaking stones.
Due to severe overcrowding, an auxiliary Workhouse was built further along the canal for old Women and Children.
Part of the complex is still in use as St Mary’s Hospital.
Increasing numbers of destitute people preferred to camp along the canal towpaths, instead of trying to access the overcrowded workhouses. The “Westmeath Guardian” newspaper urged the Canal Company to remove “these abandoned wretches” from the area because they were performing “unmentionable abominations”.
A little further on is the Workhouse Famine Graveyard, one of the best preserved in the country with its cut stone entrance and wrought iron gates. It is believed that the Graveyard site was much larger in the 19th century, as bodies were found when the nearby commercial park was being built. It s a highly evocative site which is now in the care of a local committee which holds annual devotions there each June.
Professor Christine Kinealy reflects on the legacy of the Great Hunger in the Mullingar Famine Graveyard.
The Graveyard is on the Canal Feeder / Supply line. Mullingar is the highest point on the Canal and this 3.6 km supply line, leads directly from Lough Owel to the Canal, being its main supply of water.
Mullingar Poor Law Union was created in November 1839 following the passing of the 1838 Poor Law Act. Covering an area of circa 400 square miles with 70,000 inhabitants, it stretched twelve miles around Mullingar, being the distance a labourer was expected to walk in a day to a workhouse. Mullingar Workhouse, which opened in October 1842, was sited on the periphery of the town adjacent to a stone quarry to provide work for inmates. It had been built between 1839 and 1847. The workhouse was designed in a Tudor domestic idiom by architect George Wilkinson. It consisted of an entrance block, a three storey accommodation block for males and females, a bakehouse, a washhouse and infirmary.
During the Famine, a fever hospital was added and ‘sleeping galleries’ were erected to increase capacity. It was designed to accommodate 900 inmates and was only one third full in September 1845 when blight attacked the potato crop, after which it soon exceeded capacity.
The union was initially administered by elected board of guardians but facing insolvency in 1848, control was handed over to two paid administrators whose primary objective was reducing costs. These administrators discontinued soup kitchens providing outdoor relief and rigorously enforced the ‘workhouse rule’ whereby relief was only provided inside the workhouse walls. 600 able-bodied paupers were struck off and thereafter the main workhouse was reserved for only able bodied paupers who were expected to work for their rations. Women, children and the infirm were relocated to a series of temporary auxiliary workhouses in the town including a former corn store and a disused brewery. Tellingly, in the workhouse carpenters shop, inmates turned out 616 coffins between Jan-Sep 1849 and at the newly acquired graveyard at Robinstown one mile from the house which was opened in March 1849, 16 paupers were employed full time burying the dead with instructions to always have one grave ready.
According to local historian, Seamus O’Brien, the highest mortality in the Mullingar Poor Law Union in 1847 took place between “the closure of the public works and the opening of the soup kitchens.” The works closed in February, and the soup kitchens opened in May, leaving multitudes destitute for these months.
Mark McGowan reflects on the impact of the Irish Poor Laws at Mullingar Workhouse:
ATTRACTIONS NEARBY :
Please check ahead for opening hours as some are restricted / seasonal.
Note: The Tourist Office is located at the Market Square in the centre of the town. Market Square is also the location of a Statue dedicated to Joe Dolan, a Mullingar native and beloved Irish entertainer and pop singer for over six decades from the late 1950’s until his death in 2007.
- The Cathedral of Christ the King
- Belvedere House Gardens & Park
- Greville Arms Hotel
- The Old Rail Trail
ARTS & LITERATURE CONNECT:
Joe Dolan Statue
Ulysses – James Joyce